In this article, Types of Bandages in Nursing and uses Triangular Bandages, Tailed Bandages, ‘T’ Binder, Tubular Gauze, Elastic Bandage , Compression bandages, Adhesive bandages
WHAT IS BANDAGE?
A bandage is a strip, piece of fabric, or other types of material that is applied to a wound or injured portion of the body to cover, wrap, or protect it. Gauze, fabric, plastic, or elastic are just a few of the materials that can be used to create bandages. Usually used in first aid or medical situations, they support the patient, shield the wound from further harm or contamination, and aid in the healing process. Depending on the kind and degree of the injury or condition being treated, bandages may be used in addition to other medical procedures or drugs.
Types of Bandages in Nursing
Types of Bandages in Nursing come in different sizes and shapes depending on the area of the body that needs to be covered or protected. Nurses use various types of bandages in their daily practice, depending on the needs of their patients. The size and shape of the Types of Bandages in Nursing are classified as –
These are large, triangular-shaped pieces of fabric that can be folded into a variety of shapes and used to immobilize a limb, support a sprained joint, or create a makeshift sling.
A tailed bandage, also known as an ‘Elastoplast bandage’, is a type of adhesive bandage that has extended adhesive strips, or “tails,” at the ends. These tails can be used to secure the bandage in place by wrapping them around the limb or body part being treated.
The tails are typically made of the same material as the rest of the bandage, and they may have additional adhesive to help them stay in place. Tailed bandages can be used for a variety of applications, such as wrapping sprained ankles or wrists, securing dressings in place, or providing compression to reduce swelling. Tailed bandages are usually available in a variety of sizes and can be cut to fit the specific area of the body that needs to be treated.
‘T’ binder is used to secure rectal or perineal dressings. The double ‘T’ binder is used for the males and the single for the females. The single or double ‘T’ straps are brought between the patient’s legs and are pinned to the waistband in front.
The “T” shape of the binder allows it to provide support to both the upper and lower portions of the chest and torso, making it particularly useful for individuals who have undergone chest or abdominal surgery. It can also be used to support the back and improve posture. T-binders are commonly used after procedures such as breast augmentation, mastectomy, or chest surgery. They can help reduce swelling, provide comfort and support, and promote healing.
Tubular gauze is a bandage in the shape of a tube, designed to cover cylindrical parts of the body and to secure dressings. Tubular gauze is often used for a variety of purposes, including protecting and securing dressings or other wound care products, providing light compression, and covering and protecting skin that is sensitive or prone to chafing or irritation. It can also be used to help hold in place splints or other medical devices.
An elastic bandage is a roller bandage used to provide support, minimize swelling in joints following musculoskeletal trauma, and enhance venous return to the heart. The elastic bandages are applied with even tension and pressure. They should be untied and re-applied daily. Elastic bandages applied too tightly can cause arterial occlusion which may result in gangrene.
Compression bandages are similar to elastic bandages but are designed to provide more pressure and compression to reduce swelling or improve circulation. They are commonly used for conditions such as lymphedema or deep vein thrombosis.
Adhesive bandages is Also known as “band-aids,” these are small, square, or rectangular-shaped bandages that have an adhesive backing and a small absorbent pad in the center. They are commonly used for small cuts, scrapes, or blisters.
Self-adherent bandages are non-adhesive, self-adherent bandages that stick to themselves but not to the skin. They are often used to secure dressings or provide light compression.
After a bandage is applied, it must be assessed and documented. Any changes in circulation, the integrity of the skin, comfort, changes in body function e.g., movement, etc. must be assessed and reported, and recorded.