TYPES OF IMMUNITY SYSTEM OF BODY – Natural Immunity (Innate Immunity)–
It is otherwise called local or acquired immunity. It implies an acquired protection from contamination. It is available from birth and is for the most part given from one age to the next. A youngster may have protection from specific ailments to which mother is invulnerable. That is the reason bosom taking care of is significant in light of the fact that kid acquires immunity from the mother. Regular immunity is partitioned into the accompanying three subtypes:
Kinds OF IMMUNITY
a) Species Immunity: It implies immunity among the individuals from a specific animal categories. Numerous sicknesses which happen in individuals don’t happen in creatures and bad habit versa.For model, illnesses, for example, measles, mumps, polio, syphilis, disease, cholera and so on., are discovered distinctly in people. Species other than individuals are safe to such infections. Fish has a type of tuberculosis however the tubercle bacillus which causes this sickness in fish won’t contaminate people. So also, the human tubercle germs won’t contaminate fish. This sort of immunity is to a great extent because of contrasts in internal heat levels, albeit metabolic, concoction, physiological and anatomical contrasts between the various species likewise have a significant influence.
b) Racial Immunity: It implies immunity present among the races of similar species. A few races are insusceptible to specific ailments while different races are vulnerable. For instance, in people Jews are resistant to tuberculosis yet Negroes are progressively powerless to it. Then again, Negroes have high level of immunity to jungle fever, looseness of the bowels, yellow fever than whites. Complete racial immunity is uncommon. Races contrast from each other essentially in level of immunity. This kind of immunity somewhat relies upon the equivalent physiological contrasts that exist between various species and incompletely relies on the nourishment, neatness, contrasts in method of life, financial and hereditary qualities of the race.
c) Individual Immunity: It implies immunity present among the people of similar species and race. It changes with the various people of similar species and race. The opposition of a similar individual may likewise differ from everyday and time to time. An individual might be entirely helpless to one illness living beings and extremely impervious to another. A person healthy may never come down with bug yet in the event that he is frail and depleted he could contract one bug after another. Singular opposition additionally relies on the physical condition of the individual and shifts with so much factors as diet, weakness and introduction and so forth.
The immunity gained during lifetime of an individual is known as procured immunity. It is related with the nearness of explicit flowing antibodies. Procured immunity contrasts from intrinsic immunity in two regards:
I) It isn’t inalienable in the body, it is procured during lifetime.
ii) It is explicit for a solitary kind of microorganism. Procured immunity is of two
types—Active and Passive.
Active Acquired Immunity
On the off chance that the patient effectively takes an interest in making his antibodies, the immunity is called dynamic procured immunity. There are two methods of acquiring active immunity—Natural and Artificial.
Passive Acquired Immunity
In the event that the patient doesn’t take an interest in making his antibodies, the immunity is also called detached procured immunity. Here the patient is inoculated by arranged antibodies and the body cells don’t take any part in the creation of antibodies. There are two strategies for securing Passive Acquired Immunity .
a) Natural Passive Immunity
b) Artificial Passive Immunity
TYPES OF IMMUNITY SYSTEM OF BODY : Differences Between Active and Passive Acquired Immunity