7 Types of Hospital Admission is Emergency Admission, Planned Admission, Elective Admission, Day Case Admission, Maternity Admission, Outpatient Admission, and Observation Admission. Now we discuss more Types of Hospital Admission.
Types of Hospital Admission
There are different types of hospital admissions depending on the nature of the patient’s medical condition and the urgency of treatment needed. Here are some of the most common types of hospital admissions:
1. Emergency Admission
Emergency admission refers to the process of admitting a patient to a hospital or healthcare facility for urgent or emergency medical care. This type of admission usually occurs when a patient’s medical condition is critical or life-threatening, and they require immediate medical attention. The patient is admitted on an emergency basis for critical care monitoring. E.g. poisoning, heart attack.
Emergency admissions can happen due to various reasons such as sudden illness, severe injury, acute exacerbation of a chronic medical condition, or a medical emergency such as a heart attack, stroke, or respiratory distress. These patients are usually brought to the hospital by emergency medical services (EMS) or ambulance.
2. Routine Admission
Planned admission refers to the process of scheduling and arranging for a patient’s admission to a hospital or healthcare facility for planned medical care or a procedure. This type of admission is usually scheduled in advance, and the patient and healthcare team have time to prepare for the admission.
Planned admissions can include a wide range of medical procedures such as surgery, diagnostic tests, or treatment for a chronic medical condition E.g. fever, fracture, diabetes, hypertension, bronchitis etc. These admissions may be initiated by a physician, specialist, or other healthcare providers who have determined that the patient requires medical care that cannot be provided on an outpatient basis.
3. Elective Admission
Elective admission refers to the process of scheduling and arranging for a patient’s admission to a hospital or healthcare facility for a planned medical procedure or treatment that is not urgent or an emergency. This type of admission is typically scheduled in advance, and the procedure or treatment can be delayed for a period of time without harm to the patient.
Examples of elective procedures or treatments can include elective surgeries such as joint replacement, cosmetic surgery, or diagnostic tests that require an overnight hospital stay. In some cases, patients may choose to have elective procedures done in order to improve their quality of life, manage a chronic condition or prevent future health problems.
4. Day Case Admission
Day case admission, also known as ambulatory surgery or same-day surgery, refers to the process of admitting a patient to a hospital or healthcare facility for a planned medical procedure or treatment that can be completed within a single day. The patient is usually admitted in the morning, undergoes the procedure, and is discharged the same day without requiring an overnight hospital stay.
Examples of day-case procedures include minor surgeries such as cataract removal, hernia repair, or endoscopy. The patient is typically discharged once the medical procedure is completed, and their condition is stable enough to go home.
5. Maternity Admission
Maternity admission refers to the process of admitting a pregnant woman to a hospital or healthcare facility for childbirth or other pregnancy-related medical care. Maternity admission can be planned or unplanned, depending on the woman’s medical history and the progress of her pregnancy.
Planned maternity admission typically involves the woman and her healthcare provider working together to develop a birth plan, which outlines the preferred method of delivery, pain management options, and any other medical interventions that may be necessary. The woman may also receive prenatal care, including regular check-ups and diagnostic tests, to monitor the health of the mother and the developing fetus.
6. Outpatient Admission
Outpatient admission refers to a type of medical care in which a patient receives medical attention or treatment from a healthcare provider or hospital, without being admitted to the hospital for an overnight stay. Outpatient care can take place in a clinic, medical office, or hospital, and is often used for routine medical appointments, diagnostic tests, or minor medical procedures.
Examples of outpatient care include check-ups with a primary care physician, blood tests, X-rays, minor surgeries such as mole removal, or infusion therapy. Patients may be able to go home the same day, or shortly after the procedure is completed.
7. Observation Admission
Observation admission, also known as observation status, is a type of hospital admission where a patient is kept in the hospital for a period of time, typically less than 24 hours, for medical observation and monitoring. During this time, the patient’s medical condition is monitored and evaluated, and diagnostic tests or medical interventions may be performed as needed.
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