What are the three levels of Disease Prevention with examples ? three categories of prevention: primary, secondary and tertiary Prevention is three levels of Disease Prevention and its examples.
The concept of Disease prevention is best defined in the context of levels, traditionally primary, secondary and tertiary prevention. A fourth level, called primordial Disease prevention was added later.
Primordial Disease prevention
Primordial prevention refers to preventing risk factors from developing in the first place through lifestyle changes alone, eliminating the need for costly coronary surgeries and the use of pharmaceuticals to treat risk factors, saving money for the person, family, and society.
Three Levels of Disease Prevention
Disease Prevention activities are categorized following three three levels of Disease Prevention.
|Primary Prevention||The primary prevention approach focuses on preventing disease before it occures|
|Secondary Prevention||The secondary prevention attempts to detect a disease in earlystage and intervene early|
|Tertiary Prevention||The tertiary prevention is directed at managing a disease which occures early in someone and avoiding further complications.|
The First level of disease prevention Primary Prevention is aims to prevent a disease or injury before it ever occurs or happened. The first level of disease prevention and illness prevention is Primary Prevention. This is accomplished through avoiding exposure to risks that can result in disease or injury, changing risky or unhealthy behaviours, and boosting resistance to disease or damage should exposure occur.
Examples of Primary Prevention
Examples of the First level of disease prevention is :
- Legislation and enforcement to control the use of hazardous products or articals (e.g. asbestos)
- To mandate safe and healthy practices for example use of seatbelts and bike helmets
- Education about healthy and safe habits e.g. eating well, exercising regularly
- Immunization against infectious diseases or any other diseases .vaccines are an example of first level of disease prevention.
- Tobacco Cessation Programs
- Needle Exchange Programs
- Micro-Nutrient Supplementation Programs
- water fluoridation
- education about safe sex
The second level of disease prevention is aims to reduce the impact of a disease or injury that has already occurred or happened.The second level of disease prevention is Secondary Prevention. Secondary prevention involves identifying and treating disease or injury as soon as possible to stop or slow its progression, promoting individual preventative measures to avoid reinjury or the recurrence of a disease, and putting in place such programmes to restore people to their prior levels of health and function that avoid long-term issues.
Examples of Secondary Prevention
Examples of the Second level of disease prevention is :
- Papanicolaou (Pap) smear for early detection of cervical cancer
- Colonoscopies, for early detection of colon cancer
- Blood Pressure Screening
- Daily, low-dose aspirins, diet and better exercise programs to prevent further heart attacks and strokes.
- Give suitable and modified work for injured or ill workers can return safely to their jobs.
- screening for hypertension
- diabetes mellitus
tertiary level of disease prevention is aims to soften the impact of an ongoing illness and injury that has lasting effects.The third level of disease prevention is Tertiary Prevention.This is accomplished by assisting individuals in managing long-term, frequently complex health issues and physical difficulties, such as chronic diseases, life-long disabilities, in order to maximise their functional capacity, the quality of their daily lives, and their life expectancy.
Examples of Tertiary Prevention
Examples of the Tertiary Prevention third level of disease prevention is –
- Cardiac or stroke rehabilitation programs.
- Chronic disease management programs (e.g. for diabetes, arthritis, depression, etc.)
- Occupational and physical therapy in burn patients
- Cardiac rehab in post-myocardial infarction patients
- Diabetic foot care
- Support groups that allow members to share strategies for healthy living well .
- Vocational rehabilitation programs to retrain job workers for new jobs when they have recovered as much as possible.