The Crede Maneuver: A Comprehensive Guide

The Crede Maneuver stands out as a valuable technique, but understanding its nuances is key to its effective application. Developed by the German physician Carl Crede, this maneuver has evolved from its origins in assisting placental expulsion to becoming a tool for addressing urinary retention. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the intricacies of the Crede Maneuver, its applications, origins, and potential complications.

Unveiling the Crede Maneuver Technique

The Crede Maneuver is a urine-voiding facilitatory technique that involves applying manual pressure on the lower abdomen. Executed in two successive steps, it first stimulates the voiding reflex by stroking downward between the umbilicus and the pubic bone. Subsequently, pressure is exerted above the pubic arch to expel urine. This process capitalizes on increasing bladder pressure while relaxing the external urethral sphincter, allowing for a smooth flow of urine.

Indications for the Crede Maneuver

Knowing when the Crede Maneuver is necessary is essential for healthcare practitioners. We will explore situations where this maneuver is indicated, cases where it might be avoided, and alternative approaches that can be considered.

Advantages and Benefits

Unleash the manifold benefits of incorporating The Crede Maneuver into your skill set. From enhanced outcomes in specific situations to the overall improvement of related processes, discover why this maneuver is a game-changer.

Cautionary Measures and Potential Complications

While the Crede Maneuver proves efficacious, caution must be exercised to prevent potential harm. Excessive pressure during the maneuver can lead to internal organ injuries, emphasizing the importance of proper administration or supervision by someone well-versed in the technique. Incorrect execution may result in vesicoureteral reflux, causing urine backflow from the bladder up the ureters. Complications, such as renal rupture, emphasize the need for adherence to proper procedure guidelines.

The Origins of Crede Maneuver

Named after Carl Crede, a distinguished German gynecologist and obstetrician, the Crede Maneuver finds its roots in aiding placental expulsion during vaginal delivery. Over time, its applications expanded to include assisting in urine removal from a flaccid bladder. Despite its cost-effectiveness and non-invasiveness, studies question its efficacy in completely voiding the bladder.

Evaluating Efficacy Through Studies

Urodynamic studies have scrutinized the Crede Maneuver’s effectiveness in voiding the bladder completely. Findings indicate limitations, as evidenced by a study on patients who underwent hemorrhoidectomy. While the non-Crede group achieved a 30% bladder emptying rate, the Crede group lagged at 91%, highlighting the maneuver’s inadequacy in achieving comprehensive bladder evacuation.

Application of the Crede Maneuver

A. Targeting Urinary Retention (UR)

Neurogenic Bladder

For individuals with a neurogenic bladder, the Crede maneuver becomes a valuable technique, offering a non-invasive approach to alleviate urinary retention.

Impact of Spinal Cord Injury

In cases of spinal cord injury, the maneuver aids in overcoming challenges associated with bladder control, enhancing overall quality of life.

Nerve Diseases and Their Consequences

Crede’s technique extends its benefits to individuals with nerve diseases, addressing the consequences of impaired bladder function.

Congenital Neurogenic Bladder

Even in congenital cases of neurogenic bladder, the Crede maneuver provides a practical solution for managing urinary retention.

Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Applying the Crede maneuver proves beneficial in preventing urinary tract infections associated with incomplete bladder emptying.

Prevalence in Women

Considering the prevalence of urinary retention in women, the Crede maneuver emerges as a valuable tool in addressing this health concern.

Complications and Risks

While effective, it is crucial to acknowledge potential complications and risks associated with the Crede maneuver, necessitating careful consideration and supervision.

Benign Prostate Enlargement (BPH)

In the context of benign prostate enlargement, the maneuver offers relief from urinary retention, presenting a conservative option before more invasive interventions.

Symptoms and Age Correlation

Understanding the correlation between symptoms, age, and urinary retention aids in tailoring the application of the Crede maneuver to individual cases.

Types of Urinary Retention (CUR and AUR)

Differentiating between chronic urinary retention (CUR) and acute urinary retention (AUR) informs the approach to applying the Crede maneuver.

Diving Deeper into Urinary Retention: Causes and Manifestations

Urinary retention manifests differently based on its type, with chronic urinary retention (CUR) involving incomplete bladder emptying and acute urinary retention (AUR) posing immediate and severe challenges. Recognizing symptoms, such as difficulty starting urine flow or sudden inability to urinate, is crucial for timely intervention.

Identifying Urethra Blockage and Inefficient Bladder Contraction

Blockages in the urethra, stemming from various causes, can impede urine flow. Inefficient bladder contraction, influenced by neurological problems, medications, and weakened bladder muscles, adds complexity to the UR landscape.

Recognizing the Dangers of Urinary Retention

Failure to address urinary retention promptly can lead to severe complications, including urinary tract infections, bladder damage, and kidney impairment. Timely interventions, such as the Crede Maneuver, become pivotal in mitigating these risks.

Executing the Crede Maneuver: A Step-by-Step Guide

Performing the Crede Maneuver demands precision and adherence to protocol. The following steps outline the process:

  1. Verification of Doctor’s Advice: Confirm the necessity of the maneuver based on medical advice.
  2. Equipment Preparation: Ensure the availability of essential equipment, including gloves and a bedpan or urinal.
  3. Patient Positioning: Set the patient in a suitable position, either Fowler’s or standing, and prepare the urinal or bedside commode/toilet.
  4. Abdominal Stimulation: Place palms on the patient’s abdomen and stroke downwards to stimulate the voiding reflex.
  5. Bladder Pressure Application: Apply direct pressure on the bladder by placing one hand on top of the other over the pubic arch.
  6. Ensuring Proper Voiding: After exerting pressure, observe the flow of urine, indicating successful voiding.

Complications and Alternatives

Understanding potential complications, such as high bladder pressure or abdominal bruising, underscores the need for caution in relying solely on the Crede Maneuver. Exploring alternatives, including the Valsalva maneuver, suprapubic tapping, catheterization, and various medical procedures, provides a more comprehensive approach to managing urinary retention.

Alternatives to Crede Maneuver

A. Exploring Other Options

Valsalva Maneuver

The Valsalva maneuver represents an alternative technique for voiding facilitation, catering to cases where the Crede maneuver might not be suitable.

Suprapubic Tapping

Suprapubic tapping is another method employed to stimulate bladder emptying, offering an alternative to the Crede maneuver in specific scenarios.


In cases where manual techniques are not suitable, catheterization provides a more direct approach to relieving urinary retention.

Medication and Medical Procedures

Medical interventions, including medication and surgical procedures, present alternatives to the Crede maneuver for managing urinary retention.

Bladder Training and Therapy

Non-invasive approaches like bladder training and therapy contribute to holistic management, offering alternatives to the Crede maneuver in specific cases.

Situations When Crede Maneuver Should Be Avoided

Certain medical scenarios may render the Crede Maneuver inappropriate, such as in children with neurogenic bladder or post-abdominal surgery before complete healing.


In navigating the intricacies of urinary retention, the Crede Maneuver emerges as a valuable tool, but not without its limitations. Acknowledging its historical roots, understanding its applications, and recognizing potential complications empower healthcare providers to make informed decisions. As the medical landscape evolves, a holistic approach to urinary retention management, incorporating alternatives and individualized interventions, becomes paramount.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is the Crede maneuver suitable for all age groups?

The Crede maneuver can be applied across various age groups, but its suitability depends on individual health conditions. Consultation with a healthcare professional is recommended.

Can individuals perform the Crede maneuver on themselves?

While self-application is possible in some cases, it is generally advisable to seek assistance, especially in healthcare settings, to ensure proper technique and minimize risks.

Are there any long-term effects of the Crede Maneuver?

While complications are rare, potential long-term effects are typically minimal. It’s crucial to follow proper protocols and guidelines during its implementation.

Please note that this article is for informational purposes only and should not substitute professional medical advice.

Name -Parika Parika holds a Master's in Nursing and is pursuing a Ph.D. in Nursing. In addition to her clinical experience, Parika has also served as a nursing instructor for the past 10 years, she enjoys sharing her knowledge and passion for the nursing profession.

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