Preparation of Patients for Surgery

In the article Preparation of patients for surgery, DAY OF SURGERY, nurse’s role Preparation of Patients for Surgery, AFTER YOUR PROCEDURE, What is surgery,What is the nurse’s role Preparation of Patients for Surgery,NURSE ROLE IN SURGERY,Pre-perative care ,Intra-operative care

What is surgery?

Surgical procedures are used to treat illnesses, wounds, and deformities. Surgery is a medical specialty. In order to access and manipulate organs or tissues with the intention of repairing, removing, or transplanting them, small incisions or cuts must be made in the body.Post-operative care, Communication and documentation.

Surgery can be performed for a wide range of reasons, including as diagnosing a condition, removing cancerous or abnormal tissue, treating an infection, reducing pain or symptoms, enhancing function or mobility, repairing damage, and transplanting organs or tissues.

There are many places where surgery can be done, including clinics, hospitals, and outpatient facilities. It can be done by a surgeon, a specialist doctor who has undergone significant training and certification in surgical methods, or by other medical specialists like anesthesiologists or surgical nurses who have undergone surgical training.

What is the nurse’s role Preparation of Patients for Surgery?

Working with patients to complete paperwork, as well as to calm any concerns they may have regarding the surgery, before surgery. keeping an eye on a patient’s health before, during, and after surgery. choosing and delivering equipment and supplies to the surgeon during surgery.


The surgical team is not complete without nurses, who are essential to surgery. Some of the major duties that nurses might have in a surgical setting include the following:

Pre-operative care

Nurses can assist patients in getting ready for surgery by giving advice on pre-operative measures like fasting or medication administration and by carrying out procedures like monitoring vital signs or beginning IVs.

Intra-operative care

During surgery, nurses assist the surgeon in maintaining a clean environment, keeping track of the patient’s vital signs, giving drugs, and providing any tools or supplies that may be required.

Post-operative care

Following the surgery, nurses may continue to keep an eye on the patient’s vital signs, treat their pain and nausea, and provide them advice on how to take care of themselves after the procedure and how to prepare for discharge.

Communication and documentation

Nurses are essential in the communication and documentation of information between the surgical team, the patient, and their family members. Also, they keep thorough records of the patient’s health, the surgery, and any drugs or other interventions are given.

Overall nurses are a crucial component of the surgical team and assist in making sure that the patient receives top-notch care before, during, and after surgery.

Preparation of Patients for Surgery

Preoperative preparation of the patient is extremely important. This is the time when the patient can be properly prepared physically and emotionally for a planned procedure. Proper preparation of the patient scheduled to undergo a surgical procedure can optimize patient care, comfort, and satisfaction.

This is vitally important and failure to comply will result in difficulties and may result in the postponement of the procedure. If a client is having surgery, please be sure he/she does not eat or drink anything. If the client is an infant, an anesthesiologist may have additional instructions. If the client is taking medications for high blood pressure or diabetes, contact the surgeon and follow the instructions to take or discontinue the medication. If the patient experiences any health change between the recent visit to the doctor and the day of the procedure, notify the doctor. The report even nominal changes such as a high temperature, cough, or cold. If the person is pregnant then also notify the doctor.

For the person’s own safety and security, the person will not be allowed to drive a motor vehicle following the procedure. Please make arrangements to have someone bring a person and accompany them home from the Hospital. Parents may want to have an additional adult to assist in escorting a child.



Preparation of Patients for Surgery day of surgery is the most important phase. if you are a person, what do you do on the day of surgery?

  • Bath or shower and brush teeth the morning of the procedure.
  • Mascara, makeup, lipstick, and nail polish should be removed prior to the morning of the procedure.
  • Dress comfortably.
  • Leave all valuables items at home, including jewelry, wallets, and purses.
  • Don’t forget your insurance card, forms, and proof of identification.


Following the procedure, the person will be moved to our fully prepared recovery area. The nursing staff will closely monitor the person. The length of stay differs, and patients are discharged within one to five days according to their surgery types. the physician will provide post-procedure instructions regarding diet, rest, and medication. The written summary will provide to the client.

Since it is normal to feel drowsy after receiving an anesthetic drug, suggest to the client that he/she postpone the following activities for 24 hours after discharge:

  • Driving and operating equipment
  • Signing important papers
  • Making significant decisions

Please note that this article is for informational purposes only and should not substitute professional medical advice.

Name -Parika Parika holds a Master's in Nursing and is pursuing a Ph.D. in Nursing. In addition to her clinical experience, Parika has also served as a nursing instructor for the past 10 years, she enjoys sharing her knowledge and passion for the nursing profession.

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