Mental Retardation/hindrance in children: In the event that a child is retarded in his psychomotor development (milestones) . we presume subnormal intelligence and talk about mental retardation. A few level of mental retardation is seen. Extreme, moderate, mild . In exceptionally gentle case there might be as it were negligible mind harm offering ascend to slight postpone just and less than ideal insight may just get clear in school.
Insignificant cerebrum harm, barely perceived, however likely much more continuous than serious harm may will be an a lot greater burden to the general public. A child is viewed as mentally hindered in the event that (without different evident reasons):
Indication of Mental Retardation/hindrance in children
a. He can not sit without help at age 9 months, can not stand at age 15 months, can not stroll at age year and a half
b. He can not lough boisterously at age a half year, talk three words at age 2 years, and follow a couple of straightforward bearings at age 3 years
c. He can not get a handle on effectively at age a half year, and take little objects with thumb and finger at age 1 year.
Causes of Mental Retardation/hindrance in children
a. Acquired variations from the norm or subnormalities of the mind like in microcephalus, hydrocephalus.
b. A variation from the norm of chromosomes the bearer of legacy in the cell core the component of mongolism (Down’s syndrome) trademark faces with inclining eyes, a little level nose a jutting tongue, low set ears and little head.
c. Perinatal issues (rashness, asphyxia) , or ailment obtained after the neonatal period (meningitis, encephalitis, cerebral jungle fever) may harm the mind
d. Hypothyroidism (cretinism)
e. Environmental variables (articulated parental disregard)
f. Deafness can imitate mental retardation
Management of Mental Retardation/hindrance in children
there is no treatment of the reason
1. In moderate retardation propensity preparing – eating, strolling, and getting into fabrics
2. In gentle retardation exceptional consideration in schools or in a perfect world unique school jar of significant worth
3. For any level of mental retardation guardians should to be supported