Type and Functions of the Hospital
Type and Functions of the Hospital Introduction –
The hospital word is derived from latin word “hospice”. Meaning of hospice is ‘host or an establishment place where a guest is coming or received and cared. one hospital bed over 879 people in India and govt continue to increase the capacity of beds . But This is below the world average of hospitals per population. According to WHO, India needs to create 80,000 or more hospital beds every year to meet the demands of india’s growing population.
Types of Hospitals – Based on Ownership of Hospital
Public hospital or government hospital:
These type of hospital are run and managed by the central or state government and municipal bodies/corporations to provide free and various types health care of peoples
These hospital are established by charitable trust under societies Registration Act and run for public service motive. These hospitals are run and managed by charitable trust. charitable trust generally funded by donations, grants and aids from organizations.
These types of hospitals are generally owned by an individual or a group of some individuals, which are generally self – funded or bank aids.
These hospitals are established by registered corporate companies those formed under companies Act. These hospitals are run and managed by corporate companies.
Based on Clinical Specialties General hospitals:
These hospitals are run to provide care for patients with various disease condition for both sexes to all ages.
These type of hospitals care only limit their care service to a particular conditions likes cardiology, neurology, nephrology etc.
Types of Hospitals – Based on Length of Stay
Long – term hospital:
These hospitals are Based on Length of Stay Long – term hospital are hospitals where over 90% of all patients are admitted to stay and care for more then month.
Short term hospitals:
Short term hospitals are hospitals where over the 90% of all patients are admitted to stay for less than 30 days.
Day care hospitals:
These hospitals offer care on in daytime not in nights. Patients are admitted on the same day, procedure is performed same day, and then discharged on same day. e.g., eye care hospitals etc.
Types of Hospitals – Based on Diversity in Aim of Hospitals
These type hospitals are maintained and run for the multi purpose that is teaching the medical, nursing and other health care students as well provide the care to the patient and peoples.
Non- Teaching hospitals:
These Non- Teaching hospitals are run and offer only for health care services to the people, without any other purpose. These hospitals are not providing the teaching to the health science students.
Functions of the Hospital:
Basic role and functions of a hospital are following:
- Diagnostic Services
- Curative care
- Emergency Care
- Critical Care Services
- Rehabilitative Services
- Preventive Services
- Health Promotion
- Education and Training
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