Type and Functions of the Hospital

Type and Functions of the Hospital

Type and Functions of the Hospital Introduction

The hospital word is derived from latin word “hospice”. Meaning of hospice is ‘host or an establishment place where a guest is coming or received and cared. one hospital bed over 879 people in India and govt continue to increase the capacity of beds . But This is below the world average of hospitals per population. According to WHO, India needs to create 80,000 or more hospital beds every year to meet the demands of india’s growing population.

Types of HospitalsBased on Ownership of Hospital

Public hospital or government hospital:

These type of hospital are run and managed by the central or state government and municipal bodies/corporations to provide free and various types health care of peoples

Charitable hospitals:

These hospital are established by charitable trust under societies Registration Act and run for public service motive. These hospitals are run and managed by charitable trust. charitable trust generally funded by donations, grants and aids from organizations.

Private hospitals:

These types of hospitals are generally owned by an individual or a group of some individuals, which are generally self – funded or bank aids.

Corporate hospitals:

These hospitals are established by registered corporate companies those formed under companies Act. These hospitals are run and managed by corporate companies.

Based on Clinical Specialties General hospitals:

These hospitals are run to provide care for patients with various disease condition for both sexes to all ages.

Specialized hospitals:

These type of hospitals care only limit their care service to a particular conditions likes cardiology, neurology, nephrology etc.

Types of HospitalsBased on Length of Stay

Long – term hospital:

These hospitals are Based on Length of Stay Long – term hospital are hospitals where over 90% of all patients are admitted to stay and care for more then month.

Short term hospitals:

Short term hospitals are hospitals where over the 90% of all patients are admitted to stay for less than 30 days.

Day care hospitals:

These hospitals offer care on in daytime not in nights. Patients are admitted on the same day, procedure is performed same day, and then discharged on same day. e.g., eye care hospitals etc.

Types of HospitalsBased on Diversity in Aim of Hospitals

Teaching hospitals:

These type hospitals are maintained and run for the multi purpose that is teaching the medical, nursing and other health care students as well provide the care to the patient and peoples.

Non- Teaching hospitals:

These Non- Teaching hospitals are run and offer only for health care services to the people, without any other purpose. These hospitals are not providing the teaching to the health science students.

Functions of the Hospital:

Hospitals are an essential component of the healthcare system, serving as a crucial point of care for patients with acute and chronic medical conditions. The primary function of a hospital is to provide medical care to patients in need, including diagnostic and therapeutic services. Hospitals also play a crucial role in medical research, education, and training for healthcare professionals. The following are some of the key functions of hospitals:

  1. Diagnosis and treatment: Hospitals provide a range of diagnostic and treatment services, including medical consultations, laboratory tests, radiology imaging, surgical procedures, and other specialized treatments.
  2. Emergency care: Hospitals serve as the primary point of care for medical emergencies, providing critical care and lifesaving interventions to patients in critical condition.
  3. Rehabilitation and recovery: Hospitals provide rehabilitation services to help patients recover from illnesses and injuries. These services may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy.
  4. Palliative care: Hospitals provide palliative care to patients with serious illnesses, helping them manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.
  5. Research and innovation: Hospitals play a crucial role in medical research, developing new treatments and therapies that improve patient outcomes and save lives.
  6. Education and training: Hospitals provide education and training to healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, and other healthcare workers. This education and training help healthcare professionals stay up-to-date with the latest medical advances and best practices, improving patient care.
  7. Community outreach: Hospitals also serve as a vital part of the community, providing health education, outreach programs, and preventive care services to help improve the health and wellbeing of local populations.

In conclusion, hospitals serve as a critical component of the healthcare system, providing essential medical care, research, education, and outreach services to patients and communities. Hospitals will continue to play an essential role in advancing medical science and improving patient outcomes, ensuring that individuals can receive high-quality care when they need it most.

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Name -Parika Parika holds a Master's in Nursing and is pursuing a Ph.D. in Nursing. In addition to her clinical experience, Parika has also served as a nursing instructor for the past 10 years, she enjoys sharing her knowledge and passion for the nursing profession.


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